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ASTM A53B BUTT WELDING 90 DEGREE BEND ASME B16.9

a pipe bend’s dimension and its difference between an elbow.

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What is a pipe bend ?

A pipe bend is the generic term for what is called in piping as an “offset” – a change in direction of the piping. A bend is usually meant to mean nothing more than that there is a “bend”– a change in direction of the piping (usually for some specific reason) – but it lacks specific, engineering definition as to direction and degree. Bends are usually custom-made (using a bending machine) on site and suited for a specific need.

Dimension of pipe bend

Type  90 Degree and 45 Degree
Size Range 1/2″ – 48″ / DN15 – 1200
Thickness Schedule SCH 10 – SCH 160, XXS
Bending Radius R≥3D (R= 3D, 4D, 5D, 6D, 7D, 8D, 9D, 10D)
Straight Length The length of both ends is generally 300-1500MM
China Standard GB/T12459, GB/T13401, HG/T21635/21631, SH3408/3409
America Standard ANSI / ASME B16.9 / MSS SP 43
Japan Standard JIS B2311/2312/2313
Germany Standard DIN2605/2615/2616/2617
Europe Standard EN10253
Carbon Steel Q235, 20#, 35#, 45#, 20G,ASTM A234 WPB/WPC, Galvanized
Low Temp Carbon Steel Q345B, 16Mn, ASTM A420 WPL6
Pipeline Steel ASTM A860 WPHY 42 / 46 / 56 / 60 / 65
Alloy Steel ASTM A234 WP11 / WP12 / WP 5 / WP9 / WP91 / WP92,15CrMoG, 12Cr1MoVG, 12Cr5Mo, 1Cr5Mo, Cr9Mo, 10CrMo910, 12CrMo4-5
Stainless Steel ASTM A403 WP304/304L/304H, 316/316L, 310S, 317,347,904L

Difference between pipe bend and elbows

Pipe bends typically have a minimum bending radius of 1.5 times pipe radius (R). If this bending radius is less than 1.5R, it is called Elbow. Reference to any international / industry standard need to be traced. 1.5, 3 and 4.5 R are the most common bending radii in industry.

A pipe bend typically flows smoother since there are not irregular surfaces on the inside of the pipe, nor does the fluid have to change direction abruptly.

The most basic difference of them is the elbow relatively short than bend, R = 1D to 2 D is elbow More than 2D is bend. In the production process, cold bends can use Bending Machine to bend by ready-made straight bend. One-time completed also don’t need second corrosion. But elbow need manufacturers make to order, to do anti-corrosion, order cycle is long. Elbow price is higher than bend. But cost performance is much higher than bend. It is well-known that bend do not have anticorrosive processing is easy damaged, but the price is cheap so are  used very much in some demand which not very high engineering.

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